Monument record MCC477 - The Roman Legionary Fortress, Colchester


The Roman Legionary fortress at Colchester, AD 43-49. Covering about 20ha., it was the normal size to be expected for a legion. It has a large annexe of its east side, the exact position and extent of which remains unknown.


Grid reference Centred TL 99 25 (516m by 444m)
Map sheet TL92NE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Legionary fortress founded at Camulodunum after the Claudian conquest in AD 43. The 20th Legion was based here.<1><2><3>

Remains of the Roman Legionary Fortress have been recovered during large-scale archaeological investigations at Balkerne Lane 1973-6 (ECC332), the Gilberd School 1984-5 (ECC340) and at Lion Walk 1971 (ECC330), although the presence of a fortress was supected for many years previous to this work.

see MCC478 (ditch), MCC482 (rampart), MCC332 (barracks block 1), MCC337 (barrack block 2), MCC335 (E-W street), MCC338 (industrial site). MCC479 (via sagularis), MCC668 - MCC674 (barrack buildings including centurions quarters), MCC675 (Industrial Site).

The new colonia was founded in AD 49 on the site of the fortress.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3.
  • <2> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6.
  • <3> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1997. City of Victory. pp.39-42.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (46)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Mar 23 2020 1:51PM

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