Monument record MCC671 - Roman Barrack Block (CAT Building 4), Lion Walk, Colchester


Roman Legionary barrack building (CAT Building 4), within Legionary barracks, recorded during the major excavations, 1971-4.


Grid reference TL 99684 25057 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

One of six buildings excavated at Lion Walk laid out in a fashion characteristic of Roman legionary barracks. The material used to construct the superstructure of the principal walls was sandy daub laid in the form of sub-dried blocks. These were placed over timber ground-plates which rested along the tops of the mortared plinths. The plinths of this building had been robbed and the pre-Boudican floor levels were not examined.

Between AD 49-60/1 substantial alterations took place within the building. New floors were laid which were made from the debris left after the demolition of the internal walls. This was particularly clear in one section where the floor of the later building could be seen to contain large lumps of daub wall and fragments of wall plaster. The latter implies that the military buildings were plastered at least in part or that the plaster was secondary, perhaps added in the civilian phase. Three new partitions were laid out east-west. These incorporated timber ground-plates which survived as charcoal in the bottoms of the slots.<1>

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Serial: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. p.35.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 17 2016 11:54AM

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