Site Event/Activity record ECC942 - Excavations in St Mary's Rectory Gardens, Colchester, 1965


Location Mercury Theatre, St Mary's Rectory Gardens, Colchester
Grid reference Centred TL 9929 2513 (60m by 59m)
Map sheet TL92NE



Colchester Archaeological Group





Investigations by Colchester Archaeological Group and directed by P.R. Holbert, in St Mary's Rectory Garden. Ten test pits (6ft. by 6ft.) were excavated ahead of the redevelopment of the rectory gardens for a new theatre. Numbers 1, 2, 5, and 9 were located at the southern end of the site in search of possible buildings fronting onto the street. Pits, 3, 8 and 10 were positioned to find traces of a north-south street noticed by Mr. J. Bligh while excavating on the southern side of Church street (ECC941). Pits 4 and 7 were positioned in the hope of picking up any features in the general area between the aforementioned pits and the Balkerne Gate complex. Structural remains recovered included first and second century buildings and a tessellated pavement and walls from a fourth century building. Evidence of a first century pottery kiln and medieval occupation was also recovered in addition to the street. <1><2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Serial: Colchester Archaeological Group. 1966. Colchester Archaeological Group Bulletin 9, part 2. 2. pp.10-14.
  • <2> Article in serial: Hebditch, Max. 1971. Excavations on the south side of the temple precinct at Colchester.. Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society Vol. 3, 115-130. pp.62-63.

Related Monuments/Buildings (9)

  • Roman and later features, St Mary's Rectory site, Colchester (Element Group)
  • Roman ditch at St Mary's Rectory, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman pottery kiln, St Mary's Rectory, Colchester (Monument)
  • Roman street between Insula 25a and 25b, Colchester (Monument)
  • Roman tessellated pavement at St Mary's Rectory site, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman wall, St Mary's Rectory site (Insula 25a), Colchester (Element)
  • Roman wall, St Mary's Rectory site, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman wall, St Mary's Rectory site, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman wall, St Mary's Rectory site, Colchester (Element)

Record last edited

Oct 31 2016 3:04PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.