Monument record MCC7020 - Church of St Barnabas, Great Tey

Summary

The central tower is of four stages. The lower three stages of the tower are most likely pre-Conquest; the top stage is Norman.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 8920 2578 (31m by 19m) (FCE)
Map sheet TL82NE
County ESSEX
Civil Parish GREAT TEY, COLCHESTER, ESSEX

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Lower 3 stages of the tower are Saxon; top stage is Norman. Rest of the church is C14.<1> Walls are flint rubble mixed with Roman brick and some freestone; dressings are limestone and the roofs are covered with tiles and lead. RCHM dates central tower and remains of nave S arcade to early C12 (in fact lower part of tower is pre-Conquest - see MCC7019). Early in C14 the chancel was rebuilt and later in this century the N and S transepts were built. The tower S arch was inserted in C15. Greater part of the nave and both side aisles were pulled down in 1829 and the W wall built. Features and fittings include: C14, C15 windows; C14 doorway in the chancel (photo in RCHM); C14 wall plates in the chancel roof; part of the C15 roof of the N transept is visible in the modern tower staircase; bell chamber in tower floor is supported on C15 timbers altar in the chancel, Purbeck marble with consecration crosses, possibly for insertion in larger slab; chest in N porch, iron-bound, probably C16; 3 C13 coffin lids outside the S porch and nave; early C15 font; early C14 piscina in chancel, C14 piscina in S transept; 4 bench ends, C15, incorporated in reading desk; early C14 sedilia in chancel, almost completely restored; C12 carved capitals from nave built into walls at vicarage, and one is in the garden. RCHM has photos of the church.<2><3> There was a larger nave W of the tower in the Norman period. C15 transepts open off the tower (see MCC7019 for discussion of these in relation to the pre-Conquest church). Graded Aib by Rodwell.<4> Chancel, C14, retains its original roof, 7 cants, plastered.<5>

Site Assessment (Rodwell & Rodwell, 1977)= "The axial tower is a remarkable example of its period."<1> Dampness is a problem in N transept and ground level externally has been lowered a little at some time. A concrete apron has recently been laid around the S side. The graveyard has suffered extensive clearance and is now open and devoid of vegetation.<4><6>

Seven digital photographs taken July 2016.<7>

Sources/Archives (8)

  • --- AP: unknown. unknown. TL 891253 43/6.
  • <1> DESC TEXT: unknown. 1960 0nwards. SMR form unknown.
  • <2> DESC TEXT: RCHME. 1922. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex - Volume 3. Vol 3, pp.129-131.
  • <3> Monograph: Bettley, James and Pevsner, Nikolaus. 2007. The buildings of England: Essex. pp.420-421.
  • <4> Monograph: Rodwell, Warwick J with Rodwell, KA. 1977. Historic Churches: a wasting asset. p.120.
  • <5> DESC TEXT: Department of the Environment. 1982. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest: Colchester Rural. p.195.
  • <6> AP: Tyler, Sue. 2000. CP/00/40/10.
  • <7> Photograph: Tipper, J.. 2016. Photographs of St Barnabas Church, Great Tey. Digital.

Finds (6)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Sep 13 2016 2:51PM

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