Site Event/Activity record ECC2220 - Evaluation at Co-Op, Long Wyre Street, Colchester, 1997


Location 21-31 Long Wyre Street, Colchester
Grid reference Centred TL 9979 2507 (23m by 44m)
Map sheet TL92NE
County ESSEX



Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd


December 1997



Five evaluation trenches (test pits) were excavated inside the Co-Operative Store, 21-31 Long Wyre Street. The trenches measured 2 x 2.5m and were dug by hand. All the trenches produced archaeological deposits of varying depths. Trial trench number 1 revealed upper deposits dominated by a succession of post-medieval and modern topsoils. These sealed a layer of medieval soil, cut by a pit. These in turn sealed a Roman soil layer and Roman masonry footing. Trial trench 2 revealed a metalled Roman street lying directly below the modern concrete slab. This was because part of the Co-Operative building had been terraced down. Trial hole 3 revealed a blanket of recent soils overlying Roman deposits. Trial hole 4 showed a capping of recent soils overlying a medieval robber trench which showed the position and course of a Roman wall. A depth of Roman clay may have formed part of a floor foundation associated with this wall. The clay lay over an earlier Roman gravel surface (floor or yard?). The dumped clay also contained chopped up plaster - the demolished remains of an earlier masonry building. Trial hole 5 revealed a Roman mosaic pavement with gravel foundation which underlay a series of modern soils. The pavement indicates the formal room of a town house which may belong to the same structure as the robbed wall. Beneath the mosaic floor a series of Roman soils sealed a layer of orange burnt debris originating in the Boudican destruction of AD60/61. The destruction was associated with a masonry wall - a certain early Roman structure. <1><2><3> Th eevaluation was followed by full excavation in 1998. <4>

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Evaluation Report: Brooks, H (CAT). 1998. Co-operative Stores, Long Wyre Street, Colchester, Archaeological Evaluation. A Preliminary Report. CAT Report 13.
  • <2> Evaluation Report: Brooks, H (CAT). 1998. Co-operative Stores, Long Wyre Street, Colchester, Archaeological Evaluation.. CAT Report 14.
  • <3> LIST: Colchester Museums. 1992-. Colchester Museum Accession Register 1992 -. 1997.76.
  • <4> EXCAV REPORT: Brooks, Howard (CAT). 1999. Excavations at 21-31 Long Wyre Street, Colchester, Essex, in 1998. CAT Report 44.

Related Monuments/Buildings (5)

  • Medieval and post medieval features, Long Wyre Street Co-op, Colchester (Element Group)
  • Pre Boudican Roman wall, Long Wyre Street Co-op, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman masonry footing, Trench 1, Long Wyre Street, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman mosaic pavement, Long Wyre Street Co-op, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman street between Insula 37 & 38, Colchester (Monument)

Record last edited

Apr 7 2016 9:35AM

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