Monument record MCC661 - Late medieval to post-medieval property (CAT Building 179), Site A Osborne Street, Colchester


A sequence of archaeological remains relating to a single property fronting St Botolphs Street was defined during excavations in 1988-89, dating from the 14th century to the mid 19th century (CAT Building 179).


Grid reference TL 99883 24879 (point)
Map sheet TL92SE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Excavations at Site A, Osborne Street, revealed a sequence of deposits relating to a single property dating from c.1350 - 1850 (Period 3). The structural remains consisted largely of mortared plinths, initially of stone and peg tile and later of brick, which presumably supported timber-framed buildings, probably outbuildings towards the rear of the yard area. However, some timber framing and other wooden remains also survived.<1>

The building went through three phases of building and rebuilding. The earliest structural evidence comprised well-built mortared plinths (AF62/AF73) about 60cm deep made of septaria, cobbles and occasional peg tile fragments, dating to c.1350-1500. The large foundation AF62 went out of use c.1500, although the adjacent foundation AF73 appears to have been incorporated into the building as a party wall. A north to south foundation (AF37/AF57/AF28) was now built across the site, possibly for a barn-like structure. The remains of a wooden-lined drain (AF43), timber-framed outbuilding (AF60), large timber-lined pit (AF71), wooden mortar-mixing barrel (AF38), peg-tile floor (AF42) and parts of storage barrels (AF40 & AF34) were recorded. Post the Civil War (Period 3c), the building was rebuilt on a broadly similar alignment. The north-south wall foundations (AF23 and AF31) were of rather irregular construction, mainly of brick with a rubble base.

The site was redeveloped in the mid 19th century for a large brewery, probably shortly after Osborne Street was laid out.

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Article in serial: Shimmin, Don (CAT). 1994. Excavations at Osborne Street, Colchester. Volume 25, pp.46-59. pp.49-52 & Figs. 6-10.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 25 2017 11:30AM

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