Monument record MCC1689 - Roman building (House IV), Lewis's Gardens Site (Insula 39), Queen Street, Colchester


Roman building discovered during excavations at the Lewis's Gardens Site (Insula 39) in 1958.


Grid reference TM 00002 25108 (point)
Map sheet TM02NW
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

A Roman building (House IV) discovered during excavations at the Lewis's Gardens site in 1958 (ECC669). Very little of the building remained except areas of floor and slight indications of wall trenches running east and west. The floor was surfaced with mortar over a layer of pebbles on a solid base of septaria, set on the rubble of a demolished building. Wall-trenches and floors were partly sealed by a clay destruction layer containing plain wall-plaster which probably derived from when the building was demolished and a later building (MCC1691) was erected immediately to the south. The building probably dates from the mid 2nd century or slightly later and survived until the construction of the building to the south sometime late in the 2nd century or early in the 3rd century when it was demolished.<1>

The remains of this building (two robber trenches were probably 'wall trenches' of House IV) were also encountered in a test-pit evaluation (T7) in 2018 (see ECC4210).<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Article in serial: Richardson, K.M.. 1961. Excavations in Lewis's Gardens, Colchester, 1955 and 1958. The Essex Society for Archaeology and History Vol. 1, Part 1, pp.6-36. p.13.
  • <2> Evaluation Report: Wightman, Adam. 2018. Archaeological evaluation at St Botolph's (site of former bus station), Queen Street, Colchester, Essex, CO1 2PQ. pp.11-12 & Fig. 9.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Aug 15 2018 11:59AM

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