Site Event/Activity record ECC763 - Museum Street Excavation, Colchester, 1921


Location Museum Street, Colchester
Grid reference Centred TL 99925 25231 (1m by 0m)
Map sheet TL92NE



Morant Club


December 1921



An abortive excavation was undertaken by the Morant Club in search of the castle ditch and forum wall. A single trench was cut northwards from the north kerb of High Street, on the site of the War Memorial, opposite All Saints Church. The trench measured 15 ft 10 in deep at the south end and 17 ft. at a point 21 ft. north of this. The trench was largely interrupted by old cellars. At the south end of the trench was a deposit of made soil lying over a bed of yellow clay which was believed to be the foundation of a Roman street along the High Street. The clay lay over natural sand. Elsewhere in the trench was found the remains of what was believed to be Norman wall.<1> Work on the site was begun in December following demolition of the buildings on the site. The work was directed by P.G. Laver. A draft report was completed during March 1922. The section 'merely served to indicate, in part by inference, the width and location of the ditch and showing it to be c.6.5 m deep from modern ground level.<2> Hull believed that the trench had been cut across the Norman ditch of the castle near its south east corner and that the wall was in fact Roman.<3> The wall was probably that of the Temple Precinct (see MON713; MCC1544).

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> DIARY: Laver, P. G.. 1916-1940. P.G. Laver's Diary. 1/12/1921.
  • <2> Serial: Royal Archaeological Institute. 1983. The Archaeological Journal Vol. 139. 139. p341-342.
  • <3> Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. p171.

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

  • Precinct of the Roman Temple of Claudius, Colchester (Monument)

Record last edited

Feb 8 2016 11:37AM

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