Site Event/Activity record ECC1289 - Watching Brief at Middleborough Site, Colchester, 1979


Location Middleborough Site, Colchester
Grid reference Centred TL 99303 25584 (154m by 138m)
Map sheet TL92NE



Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd


February to September 1979



A watching brief was maintained during the construction of new buildings following the Middleborough excavations in 1979 (See ECC335), "The new building on Sites A,B,C,E, and G was constructed on piles with minimal disturbance to surviving archaeological layers. A large basement dug out on the western side of the site led to the discovery of a Roman kiln (MON298) and three wells (ELM64-6). A workman claimed that six or seven wooden stakes were uncovered during excavations for the basement (ELM49). The position of these seems to coincide roughly with the southern side of the Roman street. A trench was dug around the western perimeter of the site for a water-main. It was 1.0 m wide and 2.4 m deep. The sections revealed about a metre of make-up and foundations for the Cattle Market and then a substantial depth of heavy clay loam for about the full depth of the trench. The soil was noted for almost the entire length of the trench and resembled river flood silt."<1> One of the wells (ELM64) could be firmly dated to the Roman period.<2><3>

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6. p.877.
  • <2> Serial: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. pp.182-186.
  • <3> Excavation archive: Colchester Archaeological Trust Ltd.. 1978-9. Middlebrough 1978. Site Watching-brief plan.

Related Monuments/Buildings (6)

  • Roman and later features, Middleborough, Colchester (Element Group)
  • Roman pottery kiln, Middleborough, Colchester (Monument)
  • Roman road running northwest from North Gate, Colchester (Monument)
  • Roman well, Middleborough, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman well, Middleborough, Colchester (Element)
  • Roman well, Middleborough, Colchester (Element)

Record last edited

Aug 9 2016 9:59AM

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