Monument record MCC676 - Roman building (CAT Building 8), Site J Lion Walk, Colchester


Early Colonia timber-framed building (CAT Building 8) set out around gravel yard, burnt and destroyed during revolt of AD 60-61, recorded during the major excavations, 1971-4.


Grid reference TL 99660 25100 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

A timber-framed building dating from the foundation of the Colonia, set out around three sides of a gravel yard (LWC Site J). Almost all the walls were timber-framed with plates laid on the ground. Most of them were the stud and wattle type. Three walls seem to have been built of daub blocks. The fact that these were on the western half of the site suggests that 'Building 8' may have been at least two separate buildings, one with walls of wattle and daub and the other with walls of daub blocks. A third type of wall was represented by the mortared plinth JF308. Several of the walls including the plinth had wall plaster surviving in situ. Large oblong structure supported on timber posts standing in holes, and with wattle-and-daub walls normally bedded in narrow slots or gullies. See report for detailed description and comparison with Military barrack-buildings known from Hofheim.<1> (Region 3, A1). In the Boudican debris, there were large quantities of keyed daub and many fragments of roof tile, the latter indicating that the roof had been tiled. Neatly placed in the corner of a room on the eastside of the site were the burnt remains of a bed. Around the east, west and south sides of the yard was a system of timber drains.<1>

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. pp.39-47.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

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Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 14 2016 2:37PM

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