Element Group record MCC3001 - Six mid to late Neolithic pits, Area C1, Garrison Urban Village, Colchester


Six mid to late Neolithic pits, representing a single phase of activity, defined by evaluation and excavation in 2004.


Grid reference Centred TL 9964 2456 (0m by 1m)
Map sheet TL92SE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Six pits (CF10, CF11, CF15, CF23, CF72, CF75) containing mid to late Neolithic pottery (38 sherds weighing 323g) including Peterborough Ware and Beaker pottery, as well as worked flint, burnt flint and animal bone. These pits form a cluster and seem to represent a single phase of activity. Environmental evidence taken from the fill of two of the pits (features CF72 and CF75) indicates that this material is derived from domestic hearth waste; both assemblages were primarily composed of charcoal, although charred hazel nutshell fragments were also recorded. Several nearby but undated features (pits CF73, CF76, CF89 and ditch CF69) may also relate to this period.<1><2>

The report states (p.19), 'The pits were typically shallow with diameters of under 1m; they had all been neatly cut and their fills were homogeneous in terms of colour and texture indicating short periods of deposition. In addition there was little evidence of weathering of the pit sides. Therefore the extended or repeated use of these pits, for example for seasonal storage during the agricultural cycle, seems unlikely. The pits contained Peterborough ware and Mildenhall ware pottery sherds in addition to several pieces of worked flint, burnt flint and a single fragment of mammal bone. None of the worked flints from the pits (or found residually within later features) were diagnostic, and the assemblage probably represents waste material from mid-late Neolithic flint-knapping activity on the site'.<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> EXCAV REPORT: Pooley, L., Holloway, B., Crummy, P. (CAT) and Masefield, R. (RPS Grp). 2006. Assessment report on the archaeological investigations carried out on Areas C1, C2, E, J1, O, Q and S1 of the Alienated Land, Colchester Garrison, including the Time Team trenches and the Alienated Land watching brief. CAT Report 361, pp.28 & 105.
  • <2> EXCAV REPORT: Pooley, L., Crummy, P., Shimmin, D., Brooks., H., Holloway, B. and Masefield, R.. 2011. Archaeological investigations on the 'Alienated Land', Colchester Garrison, Colchester, Essex. CAT Report 412, pp.19-20 & 77-79 & 183.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 17 2018 12:38PM

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