Monument record MCC905 - Roman building (CAT Building 116), Insula 34 at Culver Street, Colchester


Roman building recorded during excavations at Culver Street between 1981-2 and 1984-5.


Grid reference TL 99491 25037 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE


Type and Period (9)

Full Description

During excavations at Culver Street between 1981-2 and 1984-5 (ECC337), a substantial Roman house which in its final form had eight rooms and three passages built around a yard. The building was situated in the south east corner of Insula 34 fronting onto the former via principalis (MCC760), and appeared to have developed during three phases of construction. It occupied land which had previously been cultivated (MCC827) and a built on (MCC818).

Initially the building consisted of two rooms on the street frontage with a large yard behind. A cross passage separated the two rooms, whilst another linked all three compartments at the rear. Foundations consisted of mortared septaria over a layer 0.2-0.4m deep of gravel and tile fragments and mortar. Floors were of gravel, mortar, tessellated pavement or sandy clay. Internal features included a drain, hearth and oven.

During the second phase a range of three rooms was added on the north side of the yard. The foundations had been robbed out but were of coursed septaria and poured mortar. They included four evenly spaced buttresses along one wall. One room contained a mosaic pavement which had been removed, presumably for reuse when the building was demolished.

During the buildings final phase, two more passages and two additional rooms were added on the south side. Floors were of opus signinum, sandy clay or tessellated pavement. The northern part of the yard was gravelled and included a drain which may have been connected to the street via the other drain of phase 1. Against the southern boundary of the yard area was a path of gravel and tile fragments with a drainage gully leading to the street. Three baby burials lay in the south yard (MCC1114, MCC1116, MCC1117).<1>

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6. pp.83-88.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 22 2017 11:49AM

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