Monument record MCC718 - Roman Monumental Arch, Balkerne Gate, Colchester


Double monumental arch constructed, probably, when the colonia was founded in AD 49. The arch was subsequently incorporated into the Balkerne Gate (MCC555), the main west gate into the colonia, when the wall (MCC859) was added to the refounded colonia.


Grid reference Centred TL 99233 25194 (7m by 12m)
Map sheet TL92NE
1848 Parish ST PETER


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Roman monumental arch built freestanding but later incorporated into the Balkerne Gate (MCC555).<1>

A small trial hole was excavated into the flower bed in the terrace of the old balcony of 'The Hole in the Wall' public house prior to its demolition for a new balcony. The hole was dug to confirm a number of points about the Balkerne Gate and adjacent deposits. Most of the area examined had been destroyed by a late 19th or 20th-century pit which may have been the result of the excavations of 1913-1917 (ECC622 and ECC623). Some stratified deposit had survived though particularly at the trenches northern end. The trench was at first confined to the flower bed but was later extended westwards to locate the blocking wall.<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. p.122.
  • <2> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6. p.816.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 14 2016 11:10AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.