Monument record MCC7159 - All Saints' Church, Great Horkesley

Summary

Church has limestone and flint rubble walls with some puddingstone and septaria; dressings are limestone and brick.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 972 323 (195m by 80m) (FCE)
Map sheet TL93SE
County ESSEX
Civil Parish GREAT HORKESLEY, COLCHESTER, ESSEX

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Church has limestone and flint rubble walls with some puddingstone and septaria; dresings are limestone and brick. The roofs are tiled. Nave was built in the C12. In the C15 the chancel was rebuilt, the north vestry and chapel added and the west tower built - upper part is late C15. Early in the C14 the north aisle and arcade were built and later in the same century the south porch was added. The church was restored in the C19 (see MCC7160). Features and fittings include: C12, C14, C15, C16 windows, C14 (chancel north wall to vestry), C15 (chancel south, nave north and south) doorways; C12 quoins to south-west angle of nave; north chapel roof is mid C15, nave roof is early C15, north aisle roof is C15; two late C15 or early C16 bells (uninscribed); C13 coffin lid in tower; C14 door in chancel doorway to vestry; C15 door in south doorway to nave; font cover incorporates C15 details; glass - fragments in north aisle north-west window indents in chancel, one C14 (of a rector of the church); C14 piscina in chancel and north chapel; C12 piscina in north aisle of nave. RCHM has plans of the nave north arcade.<1><2>

The nave has Norman SW quoins, and inside the tower arch is C12 window of the original nave. The tower is C13 or early C14, unbuttressed with some small lancets. Battlements of Roman brick. Otherwise the walls are rendered.<3>

Norman nave with Roman brick quoins. West tower may be as early as C13. Graded BBIIIb by Rodwell.<4> DOE lists tower as C15. Walls of the church are largely rendered, but perpendicular details visible including much use of fleurons (early C15).<5>

During restoration of the church, when the organ and choir stalls were moved, workmen discovered the sarcophagus of a very early Rector of the church (see above). This source has 4 photos of the church.<6>

Site Assessment (Rodwell & Rodwell 1977) = External ground level was high but has been lowered and a broad U-shaped brick gully constructed (long ago). Archaeological potential unknown, apart from the obvious need to define the east end of the norman church. <4>

Three digital photographs taken August 2016.<7>

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> DESC TEXT: RCHME. 1922. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex - Volume 3. Vol 3, pp.125-126.
  • <2> MENTION: unknown. unknown. SMR.
  • <3> Monograph: Bettley, James and Pevsner, Nikolaus. 2007. The buildings of England: Essex. pp.410-411.
  • <4> Monograph: Rodwell, Warwick J with Rodwell, KA. 1977. Historic Churches: a wasting asset. p.110.
  • <5> DESC TEXT: Department of the Environment. 1982. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest: Colchester Rural. p.160.
  • <6> DESC TEXT: unknown. unknown. Your Church. All Saints Great Horkesley. newspaper article.
  • <7> Photograph: Tipper, J.. 2016. Photographs of All Saints' Church, Great Horkesley. Digital.

Finds (7)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 15 2018 11:38AM

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