Monument record MCC7043 - Temenos enclosing Gosbecks Romano-Celtic temple complex, Colchester


Temenos enclosing Gosbecks Romano-Celtic temple complex (MCC2849). The large walled enclosure or temenos (c.2.65ha. in area), enclosing the temple, abutted another large (c.4ha.) walled area to the east, to the north of the theatre (MCC2831) and north-east of the site of Cunobelin's farmstead (MCC7044).


Grid reference Centred TL 969 225 (376m by 255m) (FCE)
Map sheet TL92SE


Type and Period (6)

Full Description

The walled temenos was sectioned by Jenkins in 1842 and by the Essex Archaeological Society in 1949. Jenkins records that wall as c.0.9m thick and noted deep pits close to the wall containing oyster shells, boars' tusks and pottery. The 1949 excavation trenched along the wall line looking for foundations that had not been robbed-out. Traces of septaria buttresses and mortared rubbled foundations were noted. The foundations of the eastern enclosure were also traced and emnants of a gravel floor were noted. The eastern walled enclosre was constructed with recesses or exedrae in the northern walls, possibly for benches, and perhaps suggesting it enclosed a garden.<1>

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Monograph: Gascoyne, Adrian and Radford, David. 2013. Colchester. Fortress of the War God. An Archaeological Assessment. pp.145-146.
  • <2> Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. pp.264-267.
  • <3> Serial: Hawkes, Christopher, F. C. & Crummy, Philip. 1995. CAR 11: Camulodunum II. 11. pp.101-102.

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (7)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Nov 9 2016 3:40PM

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