Monument record MCC7005 - All Saints' Church, Wakes Colne


C12 and later.


Grid reference Centred TL 8896 2860 (29m by 12m) (FCE)
Map sheet TL82NE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

C12 and later.<1> Flint-rubble walls, coursed in the earlier work, with limestone dressings roofs are tiled. Nave and a central tower built around middle of C12. Chancel rebuilt in C14, probably was longer than the present building. Central tower was probably removed in C14, with its E. arch. The W. tower was built early in C15 and the timber N. porch added. Features and fittings: C12, C14 windows early C16 doorway in chancel; C12 S and N. nave doorways (N. with C16 door) C15 bell turret frame; C15 timber N. porch; one of the bells is late C15; C13 coffin lid in nave; late C12 font; C15 glass in nave; C16 wall paintings on E. wall of nave (diaper of black roses on white ground); C15 stoup in N. porch, basin removed.<2><5>
In S. wall one early C16 brick window (late C16 according to RCHM).<3> Norman nave with eastern (axial) tower but not of same build. Chancel is probably C14 rebuild with C19 E. wall (chancel must have been shortened then - eye of faith may detect outline of an apse in the gravel). Two possible explanations for present plan - either nave is Saxon or Saxo-Norman, with axial tower, chancel and sanctuary added in Norman period; or it is a small Saxon or Saxo-Norman church with tower-nave, chancel and sanctuary with a new western nave added in the Norman period.<4>

Site Assessment (Rodwell & Rodwell 1977) = No opportunity should be missed - both above and below ground work needed to understand "this notable structure". External ground level high and there is a modern open drain along the N wall of the nave and an old (chocked) brick gutter along the chancel N wall. The amount of vegetation around the chancel suggests clearance may be required in the foreseeable future and that drainage works may follow. A good medieval coffin lid in church but nothing otherwise known archaeologically. Churchyard has been subjected to a modest amount of `tidying'.<4>

Five digital photographs of All Saints' Church, Wakes Colne, taken August 2016.<6>

Sources/Archives (8)

  • --- AP: unknown. 1988. 92-2.
  • --- AP: unknown. unknown. 159-10.
  • <1> MENTION: unknown. unknown. SMR.
  • <2> DESC TEXT: RCHME. 1922. An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex - Volume 3. Vol 3, pp.225-226.
  • <3> Monograph: Bettley, James and Pevsner, Nikolaus. 2007. The buildings of England: Essex. pp.802-803.
  • <4> Monograph: Rodwell, Warwick J with Rodwell, KA. 1977. Historic Churches: a wasting asset. p.104.
  • <5> DESC TEXT: Department of the Environment. 1982. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest: Colchester Rural. p82.
  • <6> Photograph: Tipper, J.. 2016. Photographs of All Saints' Church, Wakes Colne. Digital.

Finds (4)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Sep 15 2016 9:23AM

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