Monument record MCC439 - St John's Abbey, Colchester
|Grid reference||TL 99766 24692 (point)|
|1848 Parish||ST GILES|
|Non Parish Area||COLCHESTER, COLCHESTER, ESSEX|
Type and Period (5)
- ABBEY (Medieval Colchester I. - 1095 AD to 1133 AD (between))
- ABBEY (Medieval Colchester I. to Medieval Colchester II. - 1133 AD to 1538 AD (between))
- CLOISTER (Medieval Colchester I. to Medieval Colchester II. - 1095 AD? to 1538 AD? (at some time))
- CHAPTER HOUSE (Medieval Colchester I. to Medieval Colchester II. - 1095 AD? to 1538 AD? (at some time))
- GATEHOUSE (Medieval Colchester II. - 1349 AD to 1539 AD)
The buildings of the Abbey were laid out in 1095 by Eudo Dapifer and the first of them completed in 1115. The cloister and domestic buildings lay north of the church, as a small hill occupied the land to the south. The abbey was burnt down in 1133 and all the workshops, which were originally on the north side were rebuilt to the south side of the church' . The church was rebuilt on a cruciform plan, with a massive central tower and an elaborate west front flanked by south-west and north-west towers, possibly round. Late 12th century capitals, perhaps from the internal jambs of a window or from blind arcading, found near the abbey site, may have been from its church or chapter house. The abbey was dissolved in 1538. Lead from the church roof had been removed in 1552 so it was apparently a ruin by this time.<1><4>
Remains shown by Cutt's Map in Abbey Gardens, thought by Rex Hull to be the domestic wings of the Abbey.<2>
The only known drawing of St John's Abbey is held by the British Library, a copy is held in the Museum Social History Files. The drawing belongs to the Cotton manuscript, Nero D. VIII, a collection of pieces of different dates that were bound together by 1631 at the latest.<3>
See also MCC441 for the Abbey's precinct wall.
- <1> SCC19 Monograph: Cooper, Janet (Ed). 1994. Vol. IX, The Borough of Colchester, A History of the County of Essex. Volume IX. p.303.
- <2> SCC76 Monograph: Cutts, Reverend Edward L.. 1889. Historic Towns, Colchester. map inside book.
- <3> SCC328 Unpublished document: Social History File: St John's Abbey.
- <4> SCC72929 Monograph: Bettley, James and Pevsner, Nikolaus. 2007. The buildings of England: Essex. p.272.
Related Monuments/Buildings (5)
- Part of: The Mount in St John's Abbey Precinct, Colchester (Monument) (MCC3138)
- Related to: Medieval Abbey church of St John's, Colchester (Monument) (MCC3067)
- Related to: Precinct wall of St John's Abbey, Colchester (Monument) (MCC441)
- Related to: St John's Abbey Gatehouse, Colchester (Monument) (MCC415)
- Related to: St John's Church, Colchester (Monument) (MCC419)
Related Events/Activities (5)
- Event - Intervention: Archaeological monitoring at The Colchester Officers' Club, St John's Green, Colchester, 2018 (Ref: ECC4178) (ECC4178)
- Event - Interpretation: Drawing of St John's Abbey, Colchester, 1631 (Ref: ECC1843) (ECC1843)
- Event - Interpretation: Foundations in Abbey Gardens, Colchester, 1889 (Ref: ECC1623) (ECC1623)
- Event - Survey: Record of St John's Abbey & conventual buildings, Colchester, 1133 (Ref: ECC1844) (ECC1844)
- Event - Survey: St John's Abbey, Colchester, 1195 (Ref: ECC1845) (ECC1845)
Record last edited
May 4 2018 10:42AM