Monument record MCC428 - Medieval building (CAT Building 76), Middleborough, Colchester


Medieval building, dating to c.1350/1450 to c.1450/1500, revealed during excavations at Middleborough (Cattle Market) in 1979.


Grid reference TL 99374 25565 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
1848 Parish ST PETER
County ESSEX


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

During excavations at Middleborough (former Cattle Market site) in 1979 (ECC335), a medieval building (CAT Building 79) was revealed overlying MCC427 and beneath MCC429. The remains were well preserved and consisted of an approximately square hall with a room to the north and a long narrow room to the south. Daub floors were laid throughout the building and the walls were built on mortared plinths made of re-used Roman building materials with some peg-tile. In the centre of the hall there was a hearth (F816) and the service rooms to the south contained an oven (F487).

Note that the site report (CAR 3, pp.198-209) simply refers to this, and earlier and later buildings on the same footprint, as CAT Building 76 (7 phases were defined, dating from the 14th century to 1978). The UAD has recorded Phase 2 (c.1350/1450 to c.1450/1500) as a separate building (MCC428)(i.e. this record).

The Phase 2 building appears to have been completely demolished and replaced with a new building in Phase 3 (c.1450/1500 to c.1600), MCC429, at which time the hall's northern plinth was robbed out (see ELM49).<1>

Early cartographic documents (the earliest is Speed's 1610 map) depict buildings at this location.<2><3>

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Serial: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. pp.199-200 & Fig. 186.
  • <2> Cartographic materials: Morant, Philip. 1763-1768. The Iconography of Colchester.
  • <3> Cartographic materials: Speed, J. 1610. Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 19 2016 9:24AM

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