Building record MCC3473 - Garrison Church, Colchester


Mid 19th century timber-framed and weatherboard Garrison Church of St Alban the Martyr, Military Road; the parade ground and main camp gate into Hyderabad Barracks were opposite the west end of the church. The church is the oldest garrison building surviving, first used in January 1856.


Grid reference Centred TM 0039 2439 (42m by 42m)
Map sheet TM02SW
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Mid 19th century (built in 1856) timber-framed and weatherboarded, slate pitched roof and main western gable in the form of an open pediment, with exposed cast-iron brackets supporting iron trusses. The eight timber-framed bays are identifiable externally by triple circular-headed windows, clear glazed, set in the centre of each bay. The entrance at the western end has three semi-circular headed openings with double timber doors. A louvered bellcote caps the pediment at the west end. There are two vestries at the east end.<1><5>

The building is now used by Colchester's Russian Orthodox community and has been renamed St John's.

The churchyard (MCC9358) is from an earlier burial ground dating from 1804. A trial-trenched evaluation (four trenches) was undertaken by Colchester Archaeological Trust in 2007, following geophysical survey by Tim Dennis (ECC2741).<2><3> This work revealed twelve linear features (at c.0.9m below ground level), which were interpreted as graves and intercutting graves (further excavation would be needed to confirm that these features were graves). No human bone was exposed. See MCC9358.

Digital photograph taken in July 2016.<4>

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Historic Building Recording: Ingram Consultancy Ltd. 2000. Colchester Garrison, Colchester. Historic Building Assessment. Building Group 9, pp.83-84.
  • <2> Geophysical Report: Dennis, Tim (University of Essex). 2007. A Geophysical Survey at the Garrison Chapel, Colchester. CAT Report 419.
  • <3> Evaluation Report: Brooks, Howard and Holloway, Ben (CAT). 2007. An archaeological evaluation at Colchester Garrison Church, Military Road, Colchester, Essex April 2007. CAT Report 419.
  • <4> Photograph: Tipper, J.. 2016. Photograph of Garrison Church, Colchester. Digital.
  • <5> Monograph: Bettley, James and Pevsner, Nikolaus. 2007. The buildings of England: Essex. p.281.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Jul 12 2017 8:38AM

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