Element Group record MCC3069 - Two inhumation burials, 2-3 Priory Street, Colchester


Two articulated skeletons, both young individuals, and a significant quantity of disarticulated human bone, were uncovered at depths of only 0.68m and 0.74m below the modern ground level in an evaluation trial trench in 2014.


Grid reference TM 00 25 (point)
Map sheet TM02NW
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Two east-west aligned inhumation burials (F1 & F3) were identified during the reduction of L3. Both burials contained the articulated skeletal remains of young individuals. Both were orientated east-west with the head at the western end, indicatingthat they were Christian burials. No closely-datable finds were associated with the burials. However, the presence of medieval pottery in the surrounding soil and the location of the site within the precinct of St Botolph’s Priory would suggest that they are medieval in date.<1>

The skeletons were partially exposed to allow the archaeologist on site to confirm that they were in situ and ascertain the level of bone preservation. They were subsequently covered over and reburied. It was not possible to distinguish the grave cuts associated with the two skeletons within L3. However, the western end of F1 was discernable where it cut a metalled surface (L4) and a compact layer of mortar and silty-clay (L5).

Other inhumation burials were found in close proximity to the development site during excavations at the east end of St Botolphs Priory Church in 1991 (<2>), to the north of the priory church transept in 1986 (Shimmin 1986), and immediately to the south of the site in 1939.<3> Two inhumation burials were also uncovered during the construction of an extension to the rear of the neighbouring property (1 Priory Street) in 2000.<4>

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Evaluation Report: Wightman, Adam (CAT). 2014. An archaeological evaluation by trial-trenching at 2-3 Priory Street, Colchester, Essex November 2014. CAT Report 800.
  • <2> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1997. City of Victory. p.150.
  • <3> Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. p.293.
  • <4> Watching Brief Report: Brooks, H (CAT). 2000. A watching brief at the former St Botolph’s Parish Hall, 1 Priory Street, Colchester, Essex. CAT Report 96.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (14)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

May 1 2018 9:59AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.