Monument record MCC2874 - Roman building (CAT building 174), Angel Yard, High Street, Colchester


Roman building (CAT building 174), recorded during excavations in 1986 and 1989.


Grid reference TL 99631 25257 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Building 174
Excavated nearly totally. Consisted of a north-south wing extending some 35m back from the structure fronting onto the High Street, although the early phases of the latter had been largely destroyed by a later cellar. Four main building phases were identified, with the later phases of timber-framed construction surviving until demolition during redevelopment. The extensive wing of the building backed onto the alleyway to the west and also faced eastwards onto a yard area.

Several shallow foundations were observed to the south of the site, both beneath the High Street pavement in service trenches <1> and more recently under the High Street itself.<2> They were of stone-and-mortar construction and showed a marked coincidence with modern property boundaries. Although previously interpreted as Roman, they must now be viewed on stratigraphical grounds as medieval or later.

For further information please see full text.<3>

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. p.159.
  • <2> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6. p.810.
  • <3> Article in serial: Shimmin, Don and Carter, G. (CAT). 1996. Excavations at Angel Yard, High Street, Colchester, 1986 and 1989. p.42.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Dec 20 2016 4:17PM

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