Monument record MCC2113 - East Gate, East Hill, Colchester


Roman and Medieval east gate of the walled town, now demolished.


Grid reference TM 00185 25259 (point)
Map sheet TM02NW


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

The east gate of the Roman walled town and later one of the four principal Medieval gates. There is no evidence for the appearance of East Gate although the other three main gates are recorded as having a single large arched or square headed gateway, suggesting they had been rebuilt in the Middle Ages.<1>

John Ellis, by will dated 1485, provided for statues of St Helen, St Margaret, and St John the Baptist to be placed on East Gate.<2>

Part of East gate fell down in 1652 and more of it was pulled down as dangerous in 1676 but part of the Roman guardhouse on the south side of the gate survived in 1813 and that or another part of the gate survived in 1813, and that or another part of the gate was demolished by the improvement commissioner in 1819.<3>

A piece of walling, running N-S, found 21ft. from the present outer face of the town wall, under the pavement on the south side of East Hill was recorded by P.G. Laver and E.J. Rudsdale. Likely to be part of the East Gate.<4>

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. Insula 32, No 111, p.207.
  • <1> Monograph: Speed, J. 1616. Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain. Book I. 'Speed's' or Norden's Map 1610.
  • <2> COLLECTION / PARENT: Various. Essex Records Office Miscellaneous Documents. E.R.O. , D/B 5 R2 f.187.
  • <3> Monograph: Cooper, Janet (Ed). 1994. Vol. IX, The Borough of Colchester, A History of the County of Essex. Volume IX. please refer to V.C.H. for refernces, p.250 note 85.

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Protected Status/Designation

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Record last edited

Feb 6 2017 11:31AM

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