Monument record MCC1795 - Roman tile kiln (CAG Kiln 37) to the east of Moat Farm, Lexden, Colchester


Roman tile kiln II discovered during excavations in 1969-70 to the east of Moat Farm, Lexden.


Grid reference TL 98325 26404 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

A Roman tile kiln II on land to the east of Moat Farm, Lexden. The kiln was one of two kilns of the Rectangular Up-draught type with sloping bottomed lateral flues. They were excavated over two seasons in 1969-70 (EECC697) and this later kiln was found to have been built within the first (MCC1793). The kiln structure was found to be virtually complete up to and including the oven floor. The kilns outer walls were built of clay blocks and enclosed an angular area 10ft. by 9ft. 6in. The stoke-hole tunnel, or furnace was also built with clay blocks. Within the kiln there were seven transverse flue arch walls built of 'voussoir' tiles. Apart from the arches the flue walls were mainly built of roofing tegulae. The oven floors consisted of layers of 'purpose made' tiles covered with layers of daub. Dating evidence indicated the latter half of the 1st century AD.<1>

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Serial: Colchester Archaeological Group. 1971. Colchester Archaeological Group Bulletin 14. March 1971. pp.21-34.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Dec 12 2016 9:33AM

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