Element record MCC1361 - Roman tombstone of Longinus, Beverley Road, Colchester

Summary

Roman memorial tombstone of Longinus Sdapeze found to the west of Beverley Road found during building work in April 1928. The tombstone (along with that of Facilis MCC1352) indicate the probable existence of a military cemetery along side the main road west of Colchester (MCC1928). The tombstone is on display in the Castle Museum.

Location

Grid reference TL 98588 24838 (point)
Map sheet TL92SE
Non Parish Area COLCHESTER, COLCHESTER, ESSEX

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

The Tombstone of Longinus was found west of Beverley Road found during building work in 1928. The tombstone was discovered by workmen below 3 feet of topsoil, removed as part of the site levelling operation, on 14/04/1928. It was lying face down in several (“at least ten”) pieces.<1><2><3><4><5><6>

The site was re-excavated in 1996-1999 by Colchester Archaeology Group (ECC3895), when pieces of the tombstone were found adjacent to the location of the site of the rest of the tombstone.<7>

A geological study of the tombstone confirms that the limestone was imported from a quarry in Gloucestershire.<8>

A Roman altar was found near the site of the tombstone of Longinus in 1849 (MCC2439).

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Monograph: Hull, M. Rex. 1958. Roman Colchester: Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London. No. XX. p.254, plate 2 , p.293, No24.
  • <2> Serial: The Essex Society for Archaeology and History. Vol. 19 (New Series) Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society. Vol. XIX (New Series). p.117.
  • <3> Serial: Colchester Museums. 1933. Colchester Museum Reports 1925-1933. 1925-1933. 1928, p.8.
  • <4> Serial: Romish-Germanischen Kommission Des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts. 1924. Vol. VIII Germania. Vol. VIII. p.188.
  • <5> Serial: Society of Antiquaries. 1928. Vol. VIII Antiquaries Journal. Vol. VIII. p.527.
  • <6> Serial: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies. 1928. Vol. XVIII The Journal of Roman Studies. Vol. XVIII. p.212.
  • <7> Excavation archive: Mallinson, John, Benfield, Stephen, Hardy, Denise & Matthews, Michael J.. 2012. Report on the 1928 and 1996 Longinus excavations.
  • <8> Monograph: Hayward, K.M.J.. 2009. Roman quarrying and stone supply on the periphery - Southern England; a geological study of first century funerary monuments and monumental architecture.. BAR British Series 500.. pp.133-135.

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Nov 15 2016 10:55AM

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