Monument record MCC103 - Medieval building (CAT Building 174), 134 (?) High Street, Colchester


Medieval / Post-medieval building with frontage onto the High Street, recorded during excavations at Angel Yard between 1986 and 1989.


Grid reference TL 99632 25240 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
1848 Parish ST RUNWALD


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

This building consisted of a north-south wing extending 35m back from a structure fronting onto the High Street. The early phases of the High Street frontage had been largely destroyed by a later cellar. Four main building phases were identified, with the later phases of timber-framed construction surviving until demolition during the redevelopment of the area (1986). The timber frames rested on foundations or plinths, initially of stone and mortar with increasing use of peg-tile and brick, and finally wholly brick. The extensive wing of this building backed onto an alleyway to the west and also faced eastwards into a surfaced yard area. Ovens were found to be in use throughout the early life of the building, possibly for commercial purposes. These were later replaced by fireplaces with chimney stacks. A cellar was added at around AD 1600/1650 when a large rectangular timber-framed block was erected on the High Street frontage. This was built as three separate two storey dwellings.<1>

Sources/Archives (1)

  • <1> Article in serial: Shimmin, Don and Carter, G. (CAT). 1996. Excavations at Angel Yard, High Street, Colchester, 1986 and 1989. pp.42-57, Building 174.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Oct 25 2019 9:00AM

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