Industrial record MCC5344 - Brickmaking around West Bergholt
|Grid reference||Centred TL 947 292 (424m by 200m)|
|Civil Parish||WEST BERGHOLT, COLCHESTER, ESSEX|
Type and Period (1)
Production from 1570. <1>
Old field names in West Bergholt which indicate brick and tile making were: 'Clay Field', 'Kiln Field', 'Tiles Upper and Lower', 'Tiles Hoppet (or Hoppit) and 'Tiles field'. (Ref: Essex Archaeological Society Transactions, Vol. VIII, New Series, pps. 285-327).
The previous name of Coney Byes farm (NGR: TL 950292) was 'Brickhouse Farm'. The fields surrounding this farm include 'Tiles Hoppet' and 'Kiln Field' which names have been in use since the seventeenth century.
However, there is evidence of brickmaking in West Bergholt back to before 1570. Wills dating from 1571 have shown the existence of several brickmakers through the year.
As now, brickmaking was not always conducive to the environment and two interesting cases have been recorded:
1) In 1621 four men apeared in Court for digging clay for brick and tile on the Heath.
2) In 1665 Samuel Bigesby ws before the Court for 2erecting a cottage ther (the Heath) and for digging pit for brick earth and tile earth and not filling up or covering of these pits where the same were so digged, whereby the cattle of the neighbouring inhabitants of the same parish, who have right of commoning, have been drowned or otherwise prejudiced".
Thomas Hurrell was a brickmaker in West Bergholt who died in 1815.
The 1841 census recorded no less than eighteen men employed as brickmakers or bricklayers.
Impact assessment prior to any proposed works to determine nature, date, location of extent of buried structures/kilns with further intrusive works if warranted.
Ref: Some of the above information came from an exhibition held at the Central Library, Colchester in July, 1985.
- <1> SEX52737 DESC TEXT: Corder-Birch, A. 1997. Survey of Brickworks in Essex.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (0)
Record last edited
Nov 3 2015 11:41AM