Monument record MCC7985 - Colchester - Crouched Friars Monastery

Summary

Site of the Crouched Friars Monastery.

Location

Grid reference TL 9910 2494 (point) (FCE)
Map sheet TL92SE
Non Parish Area COLCHESTER, COLCHESTER, ESSEX

Map

Type and Period (6)

Full Description

Site of the Crouched Friars Monastery. an Augustinian house, founded 1235, originally a convent and hospital called Holy Cross. By 1392 it had become a secular hospital or free chapel. In 1496 Crouched Friars regained possession. Dissolved 1538. Located in 1928 when C14-C15 foundations and pottery were found during demolition of 44 Crouch Street. <1> A C13 foundation, somewhere off Crouch St, just to the SW of the walled town. Nothing is known of its buildings. <2> The house was founded by William de Lanvelli in 1235 and originally consisted of a convent of Augustinian Friars and a hospital called the Holy Cross. By 1342 it was a secular hospital or free chapel and in 1407 a fraternity of St Helen in the Chapel of Holy Cross was founded ehrn it became a lesser secular alms house. In 1496 the Crutched (Crouched) Friars regained possession. The site was located in 1928 (as mentioned above) during demolition prior to building a new garage. A headstone was still visible in the garage cellars in 1950 according to OS. <3> - <8> According to this source, the site of St Katherine's Hospital of the Crouched Friars. Nothing is known of its buildings, little of its history. Founded between 1224 and 1279. <9> The almshouses were converted to a workhouse in C18 and Morant refers to them as St Katherine's Hospital at `The Spittle'. <7>

Sources/Archives (9)

  • <1> DESC TEXT: Priddy, DA. unknown. SMR.
  • <2> DESC TEXT: Rodwell, Warwick J with Rodwell, KA. 1977. CBA Research Report No. 19 Historic Churches - a wasting asset. p32.
  • <3> RECORD SHEET/FORM: Ordnance Survey. unknown. OS cards. TL92NE3.13.
  • <4> DESC TEXT: Colchester Museum. 1929. Col Mus Rep. pp50-52.
  • <5> DESC TEXT: Knowles, D and Hadcock, RN. 1971. Medieval Religious Houses. p210, 318, 353.
  • <6> DESC TEXT: Clay, RM. 1966. Medieval Hospitals of England. p290.
  • <7> DESC TEXT: Morant, P. 1748. History of Essex. Vol 1, pp149-151.
  • <8> DESC TEXT: unknown. 1907. Essex. Vol 1, pp181-182.
  • <9> DESC TEXT: Eddy, MR with Petchey, MR. 1983. Historic Towns in Essex: An Archaeological Survey. p49.

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Nov 3 2015 11:41AM

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