Monument record MCC6928 - Mersea Mount, West Mersea
|Grid reference||Centred TM 0225 1433 (36m by 43m) (FCE)|
|Civil Parish||WEST MERSEA, COLCHESTER, ESSEX|
Type and Period (2)
Roman round barrow, c.110ft (38.5m)diameter x 22.5ft (6.8m) high. No trace of ditch when excavated by Morant Club in 1912. Red layer beneath central area consisting of crushed tile, mortar. The burial was off-centre in a chamber made of flanged roof tiles and contained a lead casket in which were the ashes, contained in a glass flask. Possibly Flavian (AD60-90).<1>-<9>
Additional phot refs.<13><14><12>
see Mersea Museum website for the analysis of the cremated bone by J. Mackinley in 2014 (http://www.merseamuseum.org.uk/mmresdetails.php?pid=COR2_026&ba=mmbarrow [accessed 11/08/16]):
'The surviving bones identify him as a male aged between 35 and 45. (This was around the average life expectancy in ancient Rome, although the figure is skewed by the high level of infant mortality.) Most of his remains appeared 'relatively large and robust, with some marked muscle attachments, particularly in the lower limb'. He was 'regularly engaged in strenuous walking/running', and signs of soft tissue injury suggest he may have suffered a tear in one of the major thigh muscles. Far more surprisingly, evidence from spinal lesions and new, excessive bony growths indicate that he suffered from Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis [DISH], a disease of the joints which today is found mainly in men over 50. Jacqueline McKinley reports that she knows of no other cases of DISH recorded in cremated remains. This important Roman, living in a luxurious villa on beautiful Mersea Island, was likely to have suffered from stiffness and spinal pain, although these would not have been fatal unless there were complications.'
Analysis of the organic matter (the bones were described as being coated with a strange, sticky substance) from the Mersea cremation urn by Rhea Brettell, University of Bradford, identified a pine resin and frankincense.
The artefacts from the 1912 excavation are now on display in Mersea Museum.
Site Management: = Topsoil restored and seeded, elm trees removed 1975.<10><11><12>
The round barrow extent was mapped as part of the NMP update Sept 2009.<15-16>
See also digital photographs taken in July 2016.<17>
- --- SEX52990 AP: Strachan, David. 1996. CP/96/30/10-11.
- <1> SEX4 DESC TEXT: unknown. 1960 0nwards. SMR form unknown.
- <2> SEX52658 RECORD SHEET/FORM: Ordnance Survey. unknown. OS cards. TM01SW05.
- <3> SEX6 DESC TEXT: Powell, WR. 1963. Victoria County History, Essex, Vol III (VCH). Vol 3, pp.159-161.
- <4> SEX7 MENTION: Colchester Museum. 1913. Col Mus Rep. p24.
- <5> SEX8 MENTION: Colchester Museum. unknown. Col Mus Rep. p45.
- <6> SEX9 MENTION: Trans Essex Archaeological Soc. unknown. Trans Essex Archaeol Soc Vol 13. Vol 13, p116.
- <7> SEX10 Artifact: Colchester Museum. unknown. ARTEFACT Col Mus. Acc No 2728.13.
- <8> SEX10 Artifact: Colchester Museum. unknown. ARTEFACT Col Mus. Acc No 848.37.
- <9> SEX11 Photograph: Hedges, John D. 1973. TM01-001.
- <10> SEX57434 AP: Rogers, P. 1985. 14-15.
- <11> SEX57433 AP: Rogers, P. 1985. 14-14.
- <12> SEX61452 AP: Tyler, Sue. 2000. CP/00/31/2-3.
- <13> SEX62204 Photograph: Tyler, Sue. 1999. Mersea Mount - MPP visit. print.
- <14> SEX65685 Photograph: unknown. 1969. Romano-British Tumulus. 2 photos. 15th May 1969.
- <15> SEX22419 Map: Ingle, CJ, Strachan, D, Tyler, S and Saunders, H. 1993-2012. NMP Cropmark Plot - 1:10,000.
- <16> SEX65607 AP: UK Perspectives. 2000. Millenium photo Survey - digital coverage of the whole of Essex.
- <17> SCC72935 Photograph: Tipper, J.. 2016. Photographs of Mersea Mount, West Mersea. Digital.
- VESSEL (Colchester Roman Fortress to Early Roman Colonia - 43 AD to 100 AD)
- BOX (Colchester Roman Fortress to Early Roman Colonia - 43 AD to 100 AD)
- TILE (Colchester Roman Fortress to Early Roman Colonia - 43 AD to 100 AD)
- CREMATION (Colchester Roman Fortress to Early Roman Colonia - 43 AD to 100 AD)
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Record last edited
Sep 19 2016 4:22PM