Monument record MCC5414 - Church Lane, Colchester


Excavation of cropmarks revealed an Iron Age droveway or trackway, and enclosures, with later Roman and Anglo-Saxon material.


Grid reference Centred TL 9434 2391 (335m by 194m)
Map sheet TL92SW


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Aerial photographs revealed cropmarks of a droveway or track in the form of a pair of parallel ditches, c.7m apart, aligned WNW-ESE and traced for at least 320m. The east end of this droveway lay within that part of the site where the ditches splayed sharply outwards (on an NW-SE alignment) to form the sides of a large enclosure into which the droveway appeared to lead. Several trenches were excavated across the line of the droveway by Colchester Archaeological Trust in 1991. Traces of the ditches were uncovered in Trenches C and D (with only traces of the ditches in Trenches B and F), some with the remains of metalling (a layer of tightly packed stones). There was only a single cut and uniform, analysis of the soil did not reveal any organic remans.

The remains of a sub-rectangular enclosure was also defined by aerial photography, c.45 x 90m in size (but possibly 90 x 90m), on the north side of the droveway, but it was poorly preserved. Only a small part of the ditch was uncovered and no finds were recovered. Very few features were defined within the interior area of the enclosure.

Fieldwalking failed to provide significant clusters of material. There was a Neolithic waste flake and medieval sherds.

There waqs little pottery, and all small and abraded (29 prehistoric sherds weighing 124g, Early - Middle Iron Age). A Roman aphora rim and piece of tegula was recovered from the ditch on the north side of the droveway (F14 and F15, Trench D). A single Anglo-Saxon grass-tempered sherd (unabraded) was found in the fill of ditch F10 (junction of droveway ditch and large enclosure, Trench D).<1>

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Desk-based Assessment: Brooks, H. 2005. A desk-based assessment of the archaeological remains at Tollgate North, Stanway, Essex. October 2005. CAT Report 341.
  • <1> Article in serial: Partridge, J. 1993. The investigation of cropmarks at Church Lane, Stanway, Colchester.. Essex Archaeology and History, Vol. 24, 214-218. Essex Archaeology and History 24, 214-218.
  • <2> Desk-based Assessment: Brooks, H. (CAT). 2005. A desk-based assessment of the archaeological remains at Stane park, Stanway, Colchester. Essex. October 2005. CAT Report 344.

Finds (4)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jun 8 2016 8:15AM

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