Monument record MCC539 - 1st century defensive ditch of the Roman Colonia, Colchester

Summary

The 1st century defensive ditch of the Roman Colonia at Colchester.

Location

Grid reference TL 99221 25153 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
1848 Parish ST PETER
Non Parish Area COLCHESTER, COLCHESTER, ESSEX

Map

Type and Period (2)

Full Description

A large defensive ditch dated to the years immediately after the Boudican destruction of the Colony.

At the Balkerne Lane excavations the ditch was located at various points over a distance of 138m along the west side of the town. The ditch was observed to cut the backfill of the earlier ditch (MCC478) and also cut across the sites of several buildings (MCC499, MCC516 and MCC517) destroyed in the Boudican fire of AD60/1. No trace of a rampart survived.

At Balkerne Lane the ditch was sectioned in one place only where it was found to be 5.5m wide x 3.3m deep.

At Balkerne Lane the ditch was shown to have been backfilled c.80 AD.<1>

During observation of a pipe trench in Castle Park (ECC375), 1983, a shallow, early ditch was revealed sealed by the Roman street between Insula 7 and 15 (MCC1285). The ditch was at least 4.5m wide x 0.6m deep. The position of the ditch suggested that it could be the Flavian town ditch, 'although...the ditch did not seem to be deep enough and the evidence must be viewed as inconclusive.'<2>

Excavations at 44 North Hill (ECC658)<3> and in the garden of Logarth (ECC940)<4> have revealed a V-shaped ditch running parallel to the town wall which may have been the same as the ditch discovered at Balkerne Lane.<5>

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Serial: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. p.110, p.115.
  • <2> Monograph: Crummy, Philip. 1992. CAR 6: Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85. 6. p.371.
  • <3> Article in serial: Dunnett, B.R.K.. 1971. Excavations in Colchester, 1964-8. Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society Vol. 3, Part 1. pp.43-44.
  • <4> Article in serial: Dunnett, B.R.K.. 1966. Excavations on North Hill, Colchester. 123:1. p.29.
  • <5> Serial: Crummy, Philip. 1981. CAR 3: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex. 3. p.3.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Dec 8 2016 2:47PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.