Element record MCC3059 - Robbed out foundation of the Medieval Abbey Church of St John's, Colchester


The robbed-out foundation of the abbey church on the projected alignment of the southern-most wall of the abbey church, recorded durign the installation of flood lights in 2013.


Grid reference TL 998 247 (point)
Map sheet TL92SE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

The robbed-out foundation of the abbey church (F1) was located beneath 450mm of post-medieval/modern sandy-silt topsoil (L2) within the foundation pit (FP1) of one of the new floodlights around the perimeter of the new tennis courts. <1>
FP1, 1m x 1m in area, was located at the south-western corner of the tennis courts on the projected alignment of the southern-most wall of the abbey church.
No solid masonry survived in this location as the larger pieces of building materials had been robbed out for use in structures elsewhere in the town. The edges of the robber trench were not visible in the foundation-pit which indicates that it extended beyond the limit of excavation in all directions. The machine-excavation of the foundation-pit ceased once the robber trench had been identified. The rest of the foundation-pit was hand-excavated by CAT archaeologists down to the required depth. The base of the robber trench was identified at a depth of 1.15m below modern ground level where it cut the pale yellow natural sand (L4). The fill was a mixture of mortar and sand with numerous small to medium sized pieces of greensand, septaria, flint, Roman mortar (including opus signinum) and Roman brick/tile (including box flue tile).
The fill and depth of F1 in TP7 was comparable to the corresponding robber trench for the southern wall identified to the west during the 2011 evaluation.<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Watching Brief Report: Wightman, Adam (CAT). 2013. Archaeological monitoring during the installation of floodlights at the Colchester Garrison Officers’ Club, St John’s Green, Colchester, Essex.. CAT report 737.
  • <2> Evaluation Report: Wightman, Adam (CAT). 2011. St Johns Abbey church: An evaluation at the Garrison Officers Club, St Johns Green, Colchester, Essex.. CAT report 601.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 10 2017 9:36AM

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