Element Group record MCC2995 - Possible Roman inhumation burial, Area C2X, Garrison Urban Village, Colchester


Possible child's grave, recorded by evaluation (Trench 3) in 2004.


Grid reference TL 9969 2446 (point)
Map sheet TL92SE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

The evaluation report suggested a small semi-rectangular cut containing iron nails may represent a child's burial CF32, where only the coffin nails have survived (there was no surviving bone). Similar cases elsewhere on the Garrison site have been identified where the acidity of the soil has caused the bone to break down entirely, leaving limited evidence of the original burial. This possibility seems more likely if the grave was a child's, which would explain why its preservation was not as good as that of the nearby adult inhumation (MCC2994).<1>

Also from the same trench, there was a possible cremation burial CF25 indicated due to pottery sherds uncovered from at least eight Roman vessels (mainly 2nd century), although it may simply have been a rubbish pit; in the final report, this was not interpreted as a burial.<1><2>

A total of 67 Roman burials and burial-related features were subsequently recorded by excavation to the south of the Roman circus within Area C2.<2> The report (p.222) records, 'Inhumation burial CF32 was located within grave 29. The grave was aligned
north to south, measured 1.10m by 0.70m, and was 0.23m deep. Inhumated human bone: No bone had survived. Residual finds: Pottery sherds, a fragment of ceramic building material and an iron nail. Date: 1st to the 2nd/3rd century + (based on the dates of the residual pottery sherds)'.<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Evaluation Report: Orr, Kate (CAT). 2004. An archaeological evaluation by trial-trenching at Area C1X and Area C2X of the Garrison Urban Village, Colchester, Essex. CAT Report 271, pp.6 & 10.
  • <2> EXCAV REPORT: Pooley, L., Crummy, P., Shimmin, D., Brooks., H., Holloway, B. and Masefield, R.. 2011. Archaeological investigations on the 'Alienated Land', Colchester Garrison, Colchester, Essex. CAT Report 412, pp.26-36.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 4 2017 3:00PM

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