Monument record MCC1608 - Early Roman building, St Mary's Rectory (Insula 25a), Colchester


Early Roman building discovered during excavations at St Mary's Rectory (Insula 25a) in 1967.


Grid reference TL 99247 25138 (point)
Map sheet TL92NE
County ESSEX


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

A Roman building discovered during excavations in the grounds of St Mary's Rectory in 1967 (ECC661). The remains consisted of a mortar dwarf wall running east-west and an associated clay floor on its northern side. The wall was aligned differently to an adjacent excavated building (MCC1607). The building had been burnt down in the fires of the Boudican revolt and was covered in a thick layer of burnt daub which survived fresh and unweathered and sealed by the lowest surface of a north - south street (MCC1642). The building was also covered by the later towns defensive rampart and wall.<1> Crummy suggests that the building could have been military in origin that fronted the eastern side of the fortresses intervallum road. Its construction suggests that it was a barrack building.<2>

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Article in serial: Dunnett, B.R.K.. 1971. Excavations in Colchester, 1964-8. Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society Vol. 3, Part 1. p.66.
  • <2> Article in serial: Crummy, Philip. 1977. The Roman Fortress and the Development of the Colonia. Britannia Vol. 8 (1977), pp.65-105. p.82, p.85.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Dec 9 2016 2:25PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.